The foot and ankle contains a total of 26 bones. Any one of the bones can become fractured as a result of injury. Ligaments are the connective tissue that
connects bones to each other and tendons connect the bones to muscle. When these structures become strained or torn, often as a result of being hit or
twisted, the result is a sprain. If a ligament is completely torn, sometimes a pop is heard or felt.
Fractures can be diagnosed with the use of an Xray, or other imaging such as a CAT scan or MRI. Sprains are often diagnosed on the basis of the type of
injury and where the pain and tenderness is. Sometimes an MRI can help diagnose a specific sprain.
The initial treatment of either a sprain or a fracture includes rest, ice, compression and elevation. It is important to keep weight off of the affected foot or ankle.
In some cases a cast or splint is applied to minimize motion so that the foot or ankle can heal properly. In other cases surgery may be needed to repair a
ligament or tendon or to stabilize a fracture.
After the initial treatment rehabilitation exercises and strengthening programs may be used to get full use of the affected joint or muscle/tendon again. Our
podiatrists are trained to make sure you get back on your feet as soon as possible with the right exercises and treatment plans.
If the support of the foot is compromised, then permanent damage may result. If the tissues do not heal properly then pain may progress and not go away.