Sprains and fractures

The foot and ankle contains a total of 26 bones. Any one of the bones can become fractured as a result of injury. Ligaments are the connective tissue that

connects bones to each other and tendons connect the bones to muscle. When these structures become strained or torn, often as a result of being hit or

twisted, the result is a sprain. If a ligament is completely torn, sometimes a pop is heard or felt.



Fractures can be diagnosed with the use of an X­ray, or other imaging such as a CAT scan or MRI. Sprains are often diagnosed on the basis of the type of

injury and where the pain and tenderness is. Sometimes an MRI can help diagnose a specific sprain.



The initial treatment of either a sprain or a fracture includes rest, ice, compression and elevation. It is important to keep weight off of the affected foot or ankle.

In some cases a cast or splint is applied to minimize motion so that the foot or ankle can heal properly. In other cases surgery may be needed to repair a

ligament or tendon or to stabilize a fracture.

After the initial treatment rehabilitation exercises and strengthening programs may be used to get full use of the affected joint or muscle/tendon again. Our

podiatrists are trained to make sure you get back on your feet as soon as possible with the right exercises and treatment plans.


Without Treatment:

If the support of the foot is compromised, then permanent damage may result. If the tissues do not heal properly then pain may progress and not go away.